George H.W. Bush opposed gay marriage, until he was a witness to one

Former U.S. President George H.W. Bush waves during the game between the New England Patriots and the Houston Texans at Reliant Stadium on December 1, 2013 in Houston, Texas.

Former President George H.W. Bush, has died on November 30, aged 94.

Bush served as the 41st President of the United States for one term, from 1989 to 1992 and leaves behind a mixed record on LGBT+ rights.

The Republican politician succeeded Ronald Reagan to the White House, after serving two terms as his vice-president at the time of the AIDS crisis in the US.

The Reagan administration was widely criticised for its prolonged silence and inaction on the crisis. Reagan would not mention the word “AIDS” in public until 1985—by then, more than 5,000 Americans had already died.

George H.W. Bush on AIDS crisis

As vice-president, Bush was publicly ridiculed at the 3rd International Conference on AIDS in Washington, DC for advocating mandatory HIV testing.

By the time Bush became the Republican party nominee in 1988, the President’s Commission on the HIV Epidemic advised the Reagan administration to protect people living with AIDS from discrimination—a plan Bush endorsed, but Reagan failed to enact during his presidency.

“I can’t accept as normal life style people of the same sex being parents.”

— George H.W. Bush (1992)

As stigma against people living with AIDS continued to increase, it was President Bush who eventually enacted anti-discrimination protections as part of the Americans with Disabilities Act he signed into law in 1990.

“Once disease strikes, we don’t blame those who are suffering . . . We try to love them and care for them and comfort them. We don’t fire them, we don’t evict them, we don’t cancel their insurance,” he said of the legislation, as The Washington Post reported at the time.

President George H.W. Bush arrives for the coin toss prior to Super Bowl 51 between the Atlanta Falcons and the New England Patriots at NRG Stadium on February 5, 2017 in Houston, Texas.

George H.W. Bush opposed gay marriage, but then he became the first president to be a witness at a same-sex wedding in 2013. (Patrick Smith/Getty)

Also in 1990, Bush signed the Hate Crime Statistics Act, the first federal legislation to recognise “sexual orientation” as a protected status.

The law required the Attorney General to collect data on crimes committed because of the victim’s race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity—but it also specified that “the American family life is the foundation of American Society” and “nothing in this Act shall be construed, nor shall any funds appropriated to carry out the purpose of the Act be used, to promote or encourage homosexuality.”

George H.W. Bush on same-sex unions

Bush never once mentioned the word “gay” in presidential remarks, according to a 2014 Human Rights Campaign (HRC) report. 

While the issue of same-sex marriage was not a focus of LGBT+ activists at the time of Bush’s presidency, The New York Times reported that, gearing up for his 1988 campaign, Bush said in his audio diary that Americans “don’t want homosexual marriages codified.”

Towards the end of his presidency, Bush expressed harsher views on LGBT+ rights.

Challenged to the Republican nomination by former Reagan communications director Pat Buchanan, who had called AIDS “nature’s revenge on gay men,” Bush felt the pressure to adopt more conservative positions on civil rights, defending so-called “family values.”

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